Black bear. Listed here are recommendations should you appear in contact that is close a bear

A big bear that is black in a woodland clearing.

Us bears that are black the most frequent and widely distributed bears in the united states. As human being populations encroach on bear habitat, individuals and bears have actually greater odds of experiencing one another. Bears frequently avoid individuals, however when they are doing come right into close proximity of each and every other, the bear’s power and speed that is surprising it possibly dangerous. Many confrontations with bears would be the outcome of attractants like trash and bird feeders. Within the backwoods, it is suggested that folks make sound while they journey to avoid surprising a bear at close range. All bears should always be provided lots of room and respect to retreat without experiencing threatened.

Description and Range

Despite their title, black colored bears can be a number of colors, including black colored, brown, blond, cinnamon, and rust. Ebony or brown, with a light brown snout, is one of coloration that is common.

On average, black colored bears into the Western U.S. weigh 100-300 pounds, with men bigger than females. They stay around 2.5-3 foot at the neck when looking at all fours, and about 5 legs whenever standing upright. Whenever on all fours, the bear that is black rump is more than its arms.

The bear that is black face profile is right, with a somewhat long muzzle and long, prominent ears.

Ebony bears are normal throughout Washington aside from the non-forested aspects of the Columbia basin. Black bears reside in a diverse selection of forested habitats within the state, from seaside rainforests to your dry woodlands associated with Cascades’ eastern slopes. Generally speaking, black bears are highly related to woodland address, however they do sometimes utilize reasonably available nation, such as for example clearcuts in addition to fringes of other habitat that is open.


Licenses and licenses

To hunt bear in Washington, you have to buy big-game permit that includes bear. For rates and much more information, begin to see the searching licenses page.

426 you must successfully complete the WDFW bear identification test or equivalent test from another state and carry proof of successful completion if you plan to hunt bear in the following GMUs: 101, 105, 108, 111, 113, 117, 203, 204, 209, 215, 418, or.

Washington hosts both grizzly bears and bears that are black. Grizzly bears are uncommon in Washington, however a population that is small when you look at the Selkirk Mountains of northeast Washington, and their existence was documented when you look at the Okanogan Highlands together with North Cascades.

The bear recognition is currently for sale in WDFW’s WILD system. Hunters must login due to their account and click on the “Mandatory Species Identification Tests” connect.

Hunters whom buy their bear tag and license will have to simply take the test when they elect to hunt within the identified GMUs.

Guidelines and periods

There are 2 main periods for black colored bear in Washington: the autumn season that is general therefore the springtime unique license periods. Find out more:

Coping with wildlife

To learn more about coping with bears in Washington, start to see the handouts that are following


All black colored bear images frequently reveal five digits. The feet form a semicircle that is rough front side of every base, because of the center toe being the longest. Foot songs have actually tiny footpads, whereas hind foot tracks characteristically reveal a protracted footpad, resembling a foot that is human. The claw markings are about ВЅ inch as you’re watching toe pads, but usually the claw markings usually do not show in a track.


Whenever flowers, bugs, and animal carcasses compensate the majority of a bear’s diet, its droppings are cylindrical and typically deposited in a coiled kind, often in individual sections. Sections are two to three inches long and 1 to at least one ins in diameter. Items of locks, fur, bone, pest parts, and plant fibers distinguish these droppings from peoples feces, as does the size that is large of deposit. Colors ranges from dark brown to black colored, when grasses are increasingly being greatly consumed droppings tend to be green. Whenever fruits and fruits are in period, droppings assume a moist, “cowpie” kind and seeds are noticeable.

Bear woods

Black bears commonly keep a number of markings on woods. Because young bears usually rise woods, woods in high bear thickness habitats will show the telltale claw marks and hairs showing that a bear has formerly climbed the tree.

On young conifers, especially Douglas-fir woods, bears will tear strips of bark off due to their teeth to attain bugs or even the sweet-tasting sap discovered in. The bear’s teeth leave very very long grooves that are vertical the sapwood and big strips of bark are observed across the bases of woods they peel. These markings are generally produced from April to July, however the outcomes could be seen all 12 months. This foraging task is typical in tree plantations where big stands of woods are likewise aged as well as a single species.

A bear may additionally rub its back against a tree or other item. Rubbing is a popular summer time pastime among black bears, relieving the torment of parasites and loosening their dense, matted cold temperatures coating. Good scratching woods can be used over over repeatedly for many years, and so are effortlessly identified by the considerable amounts of long black colored or brown fur caught in the bark and sap. Rough-barked woods frequently act as rubbing articles.

It is often debated whether bears mark woods to mention social information akin to territorial marking in other carnivores. Such markings are many easily seen on smooth-barked types of trees—alder, aspen, birch, and white pine—on which enamel and claw markings will contrast many visibly, but any real time or dead standing woods might be greatly chewed. Individual structures such as for example utility poles, footbridges, and also outbuildings may be chewed also.

Preventing conflict

Bears have a tendency to avoid people. Nonetheless, human-habituated bears are bears that, because of extended contact with individuals, have actually lost their fear that is natural or around individuals. Human-food-conditioned bears are the ones that associate people who have meals. Such bears can be aggressive inside their quest for a dinner.

Try everything you’ll in order to avoid an encounter with any bear. Prevention is the most readily useful advice.

At all times, and always make your presence known—simply talking will do the trick if you are recreating in bear country, always remember: Never travel alone, keep small children near you. Many professionals suggest holding bear spray whenever recreating in places where bears or any other wildlife that is potentially dangerous be there. A bear spray which have a capsaicin (pepper) content between 1.3 and 2 per cent may be a deterrent that works well an aggressive bear if it’s sprayed straight into the bear’s face within 6 to 10 foot.

Preventing conflicts

State wildlife workplaces get a huge selection of black bear complaints every year regarding metropolitan sightings, home harm, assaults on livestock, and confrontations that are bear/human.

The main basis for conflict, (95% associated with telephone phone calls to workplaces) would be the results of irresponsibility regarding the part of individuals: Access to trash, pet meals, bird feeders, and incorrect storage space of meals while camping make up the greater part of the telephone phone calls.

Bears may opportunistically look for meals in human-occupied areas whenever normal meals are scarce. This happens yearly at the beginning of springtime before normal meals become available as well as in belated autumn as bears get ready for hibernation. Also, in a few years a late-arriving springtime or drought conditions may raise the possibility of this behavior.

If you’re in places where black colored bears have emerged, make use of the after administration methods around your premises to stop disputes:

Keep trash cans with tight-fitting lids in a shed, storage, or area that is fenced. Spray garbage cans and dumpsters frequently with disinfectants to lessen smells. Keep seafood parts and meat waste in your fridge until they are able to properly be disposed of.

If bears are typical in your area, consider spending in a commercially available garbage container that is bear-proof. Pose a question to your neighborhood waste administration business if bear-proof garbage containers can be found or if perhaps independently bought containers are appropriate and appropriate for their gear.

Bear assaults

A black bear attacks you (where actual contact is made), fight back aggressively using your hands, feet, legs, and any object you can reach in the unlikely event. Strive for the eyes or spray bear spray to the bear’s face.

Listed below are guidelines should you appear in close contact with a bear:

To find out more about coping with bears in Washington, begin to see the after handouts: